The day began with some clouds in the sky. I was targeting to see Lama Temple in the afternoon of that day but it started to rain which slowed my walking. Arrived to the Temple of Lama, it was already late, it was closed. But a few meters away from the Lama Temple, I discovered Confucius Temple still open to visit. It was wonderful – romantic hours waiting for me in the Confucius Temple!
Conficius welcomed us!
Who is Confucius? I think that everybody knows about him. But I read some information about him to put here. He was born in 551 BC and his real name was Kong Qiu, Confucius is the name given to him by the West. In that era, Buddha was teaching in India and Socrates in Greece. Conficius was unlucky when compared to western or Indian philosophers, he had lived in a country where there were several separate states not unified yet by a ruler. He travelled and taught his wisdom to his disciples. His main focus was the relations between human beings not the search for the existence of God. Accordingly a human being should try to be good. Nobility is not determined by birth but by the attitude of mind and actions resulting from him. However most of the rulers didn’t like his teachings. The Communists too saw an ideological opponent in Confucianism. In the recent years, this attitude started to change.
Back to the Confucius Temple, what strikes me was the gates with names like Gate of First Teacher (the first gate at the entrance) and the Gate of Great Achievements. When you pass these gates followed by short halls and surrounded by very old trees and pavilions you arrive to the main temple where you can admire some ancient musical instruments, which are part of the Confucius teaching I believe.
Pavillions in the temple
With the combination of silent drops of the rain, this is one of the perfect places in Beijing where you can listen to your inner rhythm.
Ritual in the garden of the Temple
As old as Confucius times, isn’t it?
The Imperial Academy is connected to the Temple by a side gate. It was a highest educational institution in China starting from 13th century (The Temple was also built in the same century). The importance if this institution when compared to the universities in the west is that even children of poor people might at end the school if they were good students. In other words, the school was open to all students who merit it and this is one of the major difference in the socio-cultural system in China. You enter to the Academy thru the Gate of Highest Learning. A rectangular place is surrounded with classes, nowadays this building is being used as a government library.
In the meantime, what Confucius was saying?
“Failure to cultivate virtue and review what I have learned , inability to practice what I have been told to be righteous and unwillingness to correct my mistakes – these are what worries me.”